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Zika Virus

Definition

Zika (Zee-ka) virus disease is a mosquito-borne viral infection that basically happens in tropical and subtropical zones of the world. The vast majority contaminated with Zika virus have no signs and indications, while others report gentle fever, rash and muscle torment. Different signs and indications may incorporate migraine, red eyes (conjunctivitis) and a general sentiment of distress.

Zika virus infections amid pregnancy have been connected to unnatural birth cycle and can cause microcephaly, a conceivably lethal inherent mind condition. Zika virus likewise may cause other neurological disarranges, for example, Guillain-Barre syndrome.

The Zika infection, first recognized in rhesus monkeys in Uganda in 1947 is a quick developing mosquito-borne disease.

Vector : Aides mosquitoes (which normally nibble amid the morning and late evening/evening hours)

Symptoms

As many as four out of five people infected with Zika virus have no signs or symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they usually begin two to seven days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. Signs and symptoms of Zika virus disease most commonly include:

  • mild fever
  • rash
  • joint or muscle pain

Other signs and symptoms may include:

  • headache
  • red eyes (conjunctivitis)
  • vomiting


Causes

Zika virus is transmitted essentially through the nibble of a tainted Aedes species mosquito, which is found all through the world. It was first recognized in the Zika Valley in Africa in 1947, yet episodes have since been accounted for in southeastern and southern Asia, the Pacific Islands and the Americas.At the point when a mosquito nibbles a man contaminated with a Zika virus, the virus enters the mosquito. At the point when the contaminated mosquito at that point chomps someone else, the virus enters that individual's circulatory system.

Transmission :

Through mosquito nibbles

The nibble of a contaminated Aedes species mosquito (A. aegypti and A. albopictus), similar mosquitoes that convey and spread Dengue and Chikungunya viruses.

From mother to youngster

A tainted mother can pass on the infection to her infant around the season of birth.A pregnant and contaminated lady can exchange the infection to her embryo amid pregnancy.

Through sexual contact

The sickness can be transmitted by a man through sex.In known instances of men showing Zika side effects, the infection transmission can occur previously, amid or after the improvement of symptoms.In.

Through blood transfusion

As of February, 1, 2016, there have not been any affirmed blood transfusion transmission instances of the Zika infection in the United States.

Treatment

    No vaccine exists to prevent Zika virus.

  • Clinical trials: testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this   disease

  • make your travel history

  • prepare your appointment
Diagnosis

When present, symptoms are mild and last less than a week. They include fever, rash, joint pain and red eyes

Your doctor will probably get some information about your restorative and travel history. Make sure to portray universal treks in detail, including the nations you and your sexual accomplice have visited and the dates, and also any reach you may have had with mosquitoes.

Can have no symptoms, but people may experience:

Pain areas: in the back of the eyes, joints, or muscles

Whole body: fatigue, fever, chills, loss of appetite, or sweating

Also common: eye redness, headache, skin rash, or vomiting

Converse with your doctor about which tests for Zika virus - or comparable diseases, for example, dengue or chikungunya viruses, which are spread by a similar sort of mosquitoes - are accessible in your general vicinity.

A pregnant lady without any side effects of Zika virus infection with a background marked by late travel to a region with dynamic Zika virus transmission can be offered trying two to 12 weeks after her arrival.

Following positive, uncertain or negative test outcomes, care suppliers may:

Play out a ultrasound to recognize microcephaly or different anomalies of the mind  Offer to take an example of amniotic liquid utilizing an empty needle embedded into the uterus (amniocentesis) to screen for Zika virus

Risk Factor

Any individual who lives in or goes to a region where the Zika infection is wild and has not been tainted with the Zika infection can contract it from mosquito nibbles. When a man has been contaminated, he or she is probably going to be shielded from future diseases.

Living or traveling in areas where there have been outbreaks

After Having unprotected sex

Conclusion

DocConsult recommends to all the pregnant women avoid traveling to areas where there is an outbreak of Zika virus. If you are trying to become pregnant, wear protective clothes & Reduce mosquito habitat.

Specialist

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