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chikungunya

Definition

The chikungunya infection taints people through the chomp of a mosquito. It causes fever and joint agony. It is infrequently lethal, yet the indications can be serious, enduring, and weakening.

Once considered a disease of the tropics, cases have now been documented in more than one quarter of the countries on earth. This article will discuss the chikungunya virus, its causes, symptoms, treatment, and diagnosis - it will also cover ways to avoid the virus.

The chikungunya virus is predominantly transmitted by a bite from an infected female mosquito. In general, it is not considered contagious; however, in rare cases, the virus can be transmitted through contact with an infected individual's blood.

facts on chikungunya virus:

"Chikungunya" signifies "to walk bent".

 The significant side effects are fever and joint agony.

 Chikungunya must be authoritatively analyzed by a blood test.

 There are no antibodies for chikungunya.

Symptoms

  • fever (sometimes as high as 104 °F)
  • joint pain
  • headache
  • muscle pain
  • rash
  • swelling around the joints
  • High fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Enlarged painful lymph node in the neck
  • Sore throat
  • Painful abdominal cramps
  • Cold fingers and toes
  • Dizziness
  • Constipation

Causes

Chikungunya fever is caused by an infection of the arbovirus gathering (of the family Togaviridae). The malady is transmitted by nibble of a contaminated Aedes mosquito. Aedes aegypti mosquito chomps amid the day. Mosquitoes end up tainted while benefiting from the blood of a contaminated individual, and spread disease to different people they chomp. The disease happens for the most part amid the rainstorm season when mosquitoes are at their most noteworthy numbers.

Treatment

Here are no specific drugs to treat chikungunya; doctors simply recommend rest and plenty of fluids.

Over-the-counter medications will help ease fever and joint pain. These include:

  • naproxen
  • ibuprofen
  • Acetaminophen
  • Nonsteroidal anti-Inflammatory drug
  • Ana lgesic

For longer-lasting aches, physiotherapy may be helpful.

Diagnosis

Just a blood test can absolutely analyze chikungunya as manifestations are not in every case simple to distinguish from different conditions. It is vital to preclude dengue fever as fast as conceivable in light of its higher rate of mortality - up to 50 percent if untreated, contrasted and 0.1 percent for chikungunya .

Conclusion

Many innovative scientific advances, promising products for chikungunya intervention, and exciting new methods for mosquito control abound. While it is unlikely that few if any of these interventions will be implemented in time to affect the current epidemic in the Western hemisphere, we must look ahead to the post epidemic period to better understand herd immunity and vector populations, develop risk models to estimate the level of contact with mosquitoes, DocConsult recommended personal clean care from affected mosquitos surrounding your home.

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