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Written By Admin Tagged As Breast Cancer and Coping With Stress

Cancer

Definition

A disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and destroy body tissue.These abnormal cells are termed cancer cells, malignant cells, or tumor cells.

Cancer facts

  • Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells anywhere in a body.
  • There are over 200 types of cancer. But I am specifying most of them

Most common types

  • Breast cancer

A cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts.

  • Prostate cancer

A cancer in a man's prostate, a small walnut-sized gland that produces seminal fluid.

  • Basal cell cancer

A type of skin cancer that begins in the basal cells.

  • Melanoma

The most serious type of skin cancer.

  • Colon cancer

A cancer of the colon or rectum, located at the digestive tract's lower end.

  • Lung cancer

A cancer that begins in the lungs and most often occurs in people who smoke.

  • Leukemia

A cancer of blood-forming tissues, hindering the body's ability to fight infection.

  • Lymphoma

Cancer Type

Estimated New Cases

Estimated Deaths

Bladder

76,960

16,390

Breast (Female - Male)

246,660 - 2,600

40,450 - 440

Colon and Rectal (Combined)

134,490

49,190

Endometrial

60,050

10,470

Kidney (Renal Cell and Renal Pelvis) Cancer

62,700

14,240

Leukemia (All Types)

60,140

24,400

Lung (Including Bronchus)

224,390

158,080

Melanoma

76,380

10,130

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

72,580

20,150

Pancreatic

53,070

41,780

Prostate

180,890

26,120

Thyroid

64,300

1,980

 

 

The three most common cancers in men, women, and children in the U.S. are as follows:

  • Men: Prostate, lung, and colorectal
  • Women: Breast, lung, and colorectal
  • Children: Leukemia, brain tumors, and lymphoma

The incidence of cancer and cancer types are influenced by many factors such as age, gender, race, local environmental factors, diet, and genetics. Consequently, the incidence of cancer and cancer types vary depending on these variable factors.

the World Health Organization (WHO) provides the following general information about cancer worldwide:

  • Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. It accounted for 8.2 million deaths (around 22% of all deaths not related to communicable diseases; most recent data from WHO).
  • Lung, stomach, liver, colon, and breast cancer cause the most cancer deaths each year.
  • Deaths from cancer worldwide are projected to continue rising, with an estimated 13.1 million deaths in 2030 (about a 70% increase).

Symptoms

Some general signs and symptoms associated with, but not specific to, cancer, include:

  • Fatigue
  • Lump or area of thickening that can be felt under the skin
  • Weight changes, including unintended loss or gain
  • Skin changes, such as yellowing, darkening or redness of the skin, sores that won't heal, or changes to existing moles
  • Changes in bowel or bladder habits
  • Persistent cough or trouble breathing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Hoarseness
  • Persistent indigestion or discomfort after eating
  • Persistent, unexplained muscle or joint pain
  • Persistent, unexplained fevers or night sweats
  • Unexplained bleeding or bruising

Causes

Cancer is caused by changes (transformations) to the DNA inside cells. The DNA inside a cell is bundled into countless qualities, every one of which contains an arrangement of directions advising the cell what capacities to perform, and in addition how to develop and isolate. Mistakes in the guidelines can make the cell stop its ordinary capacity and may enable a cell to wind up cancerous.

  1. Gene mutations you're born with
  2. Gene mutations that occur after birth
  3. Allow rapid growth of gene mutation
  4. Make mistakes when repairing DNA errors
  5. Fail to stop uncontrolled cell growth.

Treatment

  1. Surgery
  2. Chemotherapy
  3. Stem cell transplant
  4. Immunotherapy.
  5. Hormone therapy
  6. Targeted drug therapy
  7. Clinical trials
Diagnosis

Cancer screening

For a few cancers, studies show screening tests can save lives by diagnosing cancer early. For other cancers, screening tests are recommended only for people with increased risk.

Physical exam. Your doctor may feel areas of your body for lumps that may indicate a tumor.

Laboratory tests. Laboratory tests, such as urine and blood tests, may help your doctor identify abnormalities that can be caused by cancer.

Imaging tests. Imaging tests allow your doctor to examine your bones and internal organs in a noninvasive way. Imaging tests used in diagnosing cancer may include a computerized tomography (CT) scan, bone scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET) scan, ultrasound and X-ray, among others.

Biopsy. During a biopsy, your doctor collects a sample of cells for testing in the laboratory. There are several ways of collecting a sample

Risk Factor

Age Factor

Bad habbits like Smoking, drinking 

Your family history

environment around you may contain harmful chemicals

Conclusion

There are other ways to get the names of cancer specialists. You could call your local hospital and ask for the names of cancer specialists who are on staff. You could get the names of cancer specialists through different medical organizations

Specialist

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